Book or internet?
Many are confident that in the near future the computer will completely supplant the book. And I am convinced that this will never happen.
Computers and the Internet are crowding out books. Everyone managed to put up with this bleak picture. Remember, Hugo’s father Claude, putting one hand on the book, and the other pointing to the Notre-Dame de Paris, says: “This will kill that.” So it is now: it seems that the computer is about to deal with the book. But there are several reasons why this will never happen.
Some types of books, of course, will die. For example, reference literature, which is more convenient to use in electronic form. People try not to buy multivolume reference books due to lack of space. The Italian writer Umberto Eco was even able to calculate the price of free space at home on the floor and in cabinets, finding that each book that he receives daily and stores for some time costs him $ 100.
Another thing is with fiction, which requires thoughtful reading. As photography did not kill painting, so the book will continue to exist, transferring some of its functions to more advanced technologies. Moreover, its material paper carrier has a number of advantages over electronic carriers.
The first is the possibility of unhurried reflection on the text. Other advantages – paper is more durable and does not depend on the power source. The next argument in favor of the book is from the field of human perception. Today, when civilization has become focused on visual images, the computer can be our salvation, as it returns people back to the Guttenberg galaxy, to the world of words. The Internet is actively reviving the epistolary genre through email. The society was divided into those who watch television, getting ready-made judgments, and those who use a computer to select and evaluate information.
But how to filter information from the Internet. Many scholars use the so-called selective extermination in their work on books. For example, in this subject can not be more than ten original ideas. He is well acquainted with all ten people, so he can safely put aside a brochure that has come across.
Or maybe, on the contrary, look at its summary, bibliography, determine whether the sources are reliable? .. A similar method is based on clear ideas of what is required and how to look for it. The main thing in it is your personal experience. A twenty-year-old student is deprived of such skills, so he needs a technique for filtering information. That is what people will need when working with the Internet. True, the Internet itself will not replace books anyway. After all, the quality of information from the Web is lower than library.
The form of literature will not change under the influence of the Internet. Some predict that all future literature will rely solely on hypertext. Network Aborigines remember one of the first popular sites – network romance. It began with a paragraph dating from 1987. Since then, everyone could add anything to him. But hypertext can be used to teach improvisation, writing, but it has nothing to do with the future of literature. Music is one thing, finished and fixed on a tape or some other medium, and jazz is quite another, as improvisation not driven into the framework. Perhaps in the future there will be fewer restrictions. But it all comes down to Umberto Eco’s formula from the essay “How to Write a Novel”: “I would have scanned about a hundred novels, about the same amount of scientific papers, the Bible, the Qur’an, a couple of telephone directories (there are a lot of personal names). Together, this would amount to one million two hundred thousand pages. Then I would launch a simple random number generator to mix it all, and make a small edit … In the end, I would get a romance lipogram. Then it would be necessary to print, re-read a couple of times and emphasize important places. The next step is to load in the trailer, bring to the nearest incinerator. And, watching how it all burns, to sit under a tree with a pencil and a piece of paper in his hands, giving himself to idle thoughts, until a couple of lines come to mind, such as: “The moon is floating high in the sky – the forest is noisy.” This seems to be the answer to this question.
So our ordinary books will not die. Viruses will not be able to eat it and it will not be erased by an inattentive user, it does not require programs to read it, and it does not need to be transferred to another encoding. Therefore, the main argument in favor of the book is its materiality, or, if you want, stability. The book does not bombard you with e-mail and does not freeze at the moment when the hero decided to kiss the heroine. The book does not run ahead of you, it keeps up with you.